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Data About Latinas Pay Gap

Latina women make disproportionately less than their male and non-Hispanic white counterparts. These disparities are leaving a growing portion of our population more vulnerable to poverty and its implications. The increase in revenue has been even greater, with Latina-owned businesses earning 57 percent more from 2002 to 2007, when compared with a mere 5 percent increase among all women’s businesses over the same period. In 2012, data showed that the receipts of Latina-owned businesses totaled $65.7 billion; this is an increase of 180 percent from 1997 to 2013. Latinas hold only 7.4 percent of the degrees earned by women, though they constituted 16 percent of the female population in 2012.

Collective bargaining agreements also mimic pay transparency by clearly defining pay scales for different positions.26 As such, pay gaps are lower for union workers. Similarly, banning salary history helps eliminate outright wage discrimination by preventing workers from carrying around lower wages as they change jobs.

In our analysis of all US births from 2009 to 2017, we found a significant upward level shift in the number of preterm births among US Latina women that coincided with the 2016 US presidential election. This result appeared most pronounced for infants conceived or in their second trimester of gestation near the time of the election.

And the more they assimilate to American traditions, the quality of their diets really deteriorate. Many Hispanic women have said that they more likely to take preventative action http://morenictech.com/things-you-will-nothing-like-about-dominican-girls-and-things-you-will/ for their families when it comes to heart health. However, they end up completely ignoring their own health in the process, and these acts of selflessness can become deadly.

Much of this trafficking is hard to detect, as it is not usually visible to the public or governmental eye. In a recent article from the International Business Times, Latino immigrant students are falling behind in academic achievements and graduation rates compared to other students.

University Of Arizona Makes Ashford Contract Public

Their advocacy for the vote grew out of their insistence that Spanish-Americans, as they called themselves, were equal citizens. At a moment when the land rights, religion, and language of Hispanics were under attack, they asserted that the suffrage movement needed to include them and their concerns. Spanish-speakers constituted more than half of the population of the state and held political power as voters. Their position as economically secure and politically connected Hispanic women made them a force to be reckoned with.

Hundreds of people turned out to watch them make their statement in support of women’s voting rights. The story of these New Mexicans reminds us of the diversity of suffrage activism in the United States.

My wife may not have a degree but she is a child care expert and is doing what she can to become more involved in education just to be with our son. I am always open to criticism on an article, however, if you’re going to hold such a strong opinion — you should read the full article. You’re saying that I don’t see myself as a human being and that you feel sorry for any Latina that would date me proves that you didn’t read the entire article, my personal story or my blog post addressing identity — how stereotypes are and are not fulfilled.

The 2016 presidential election may have been associated with adverse health outcomes of Latina women and their newborns. My wife sometimes listens to Spanish language news where she tells me the negative news dominates even more than on English language news broadcasts. Expected values were generated from a time series model using data from 94 months of the presidency of Barack Obama .

  • As explained in Motivations of Immigration, many women come to the United States for a better education, among other factors.
  • Programs specifically for Latina immigrants now use an adaptation tactic of teaching, rather than an assimilation ideology to help this population adjust to American life.
  • Currently, there are limited resources for Latina immigrants in the United States.
  • The Institute for Women’s Policy Research explains the workings of organizations aimed to support the struggles of Latina immigrants.

This means that when people look at your sexy Latin lover and think she’s only good for “that,” it isn’t just because ofModern Family and Desperate Housewives. There are real-life obstacles for Latina women to develop their careers and ambitions. Because the Latina ethnicity encompasses a large variety of people, including people of various races from various countries, it is difficult to define the Latina Family experience in a simple way.

Participants completed the baseline surveys immediately before random assignment to the study conditions. Each assessment was implemented in Spanish and took approximately 45 minutes.

After ratification of the 19th Amendment, the Democrat and Republican parties in New Mexico appealed to newly enfranchised female voters by nominating women to run for office. Otero-Warren’s experience as a suffrage campaigner and her family’s strong political connections prompted the Republican party to nominate her as their Congressional candidate in 1922.

Although it had seemed like certain victory, there was a last-minute difficulty with wavering legislators. Otero-Warren fiercely lobbied, using her new position as chair of the GOP state women’s committee to caucus with legislators and discipline their votes. The NWP organizers who came to New Mexico recognized the importance of working with Spanish-speaking women, whose communities held a great deal of political power. They listened to leaders like Aurora Lucero, daughter of the first secretary of state and a well-known author and advocate of bilingualism, and educator Nina Otero-Warren, who told them that the suffrage campaign also needed to address Spanish-speaking women. They insisted that the campaign include bilingual publications and speeches, often helping with the translations.

The participants also engaged in role-playing activities that integrated these culturally appropriate themes and were designed to enhance women’s confidence in initiating safer sex conversations, negotiating safer sex, and refusing unsafe sexual encounters. Although Latina women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, they remain an understudied and underserved population. AMIGAS was delivered by Latina health educators to a diverse, predominantly immigrant population of Latina women in the Miami metropolitan area. M. Wingood guided the development of the intervention, analyzed and interpreted the data, and led the writing of the article. DeVarona helped adapt the intervention for Latina women and participated in all aspects of data collection.

We also controlled for cycles and trends specific to preterm births among Latina women that could induce spurious associations in a simple, before-and-after study design. The 2016 US presidential election appears to have been associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women.

Multivariable ordinary least squares regression was used to estimate mean differences in SF-36 scores and number of symptoms. Models were adjusted for age and income, factors, which could confound the relationship between IPV history and health. To establish period-prevalence for each type of IPV assessed by the BRFSS questions, women were first asked if they ever experienced each particular abuse type since age 18; if they had, they were asked if the abuse occurred during the past 5 years, and during the past year. To further comment on the type of abuse women reported, we defined two categories of abuse based on the BRFSS questions.

The Pay Gap Actually Widens For Women At Higher Education Levels8

Information obtained from the focus groups, Latina HIV prevention workers, community representatives, and a review of the literature highlighted the importance of making the intervention culturally congruent. We used a published adaptation framework (ADAPT-ITT)20 to guide a systematic process of selecting and then adapting SiSTA, an HIV risk reduction intervention for young African American women that is widely disseminated with CDC support,21 for use with Latina women. Lessons learned through the cultural adaptation process by community agencies included the challenge—yet importance—of addressing the diverse languages, gender roles, and social norms prevalent among Latina women. We maintained the theoretical foundations of social cognitive theory,22 the theory of gender and power,23 and the core elements of the SiSTA intervention throughout the adaptation process from which AMIGAS emerged. Rooted in the coronavirus outbreak, job losses in the latest recession have been concentrated in sectors in which social distancing of workers is difficult or the option to telework is lacking.